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Echinococcosis, which is often referred to as hydatid disease or echinococcal disease, is a parasitic disease that affects both humans and other mammals, such as sheep, dogs, rodents and horses. There are three different forms of echinococcosis (cystic, alveolar, polycystic) found in humans, each of which is caused by the larval stages of different species of the tapeworm of genus Echinococcus. Cystic echinococcosis is the most common form found in humans and is caused by Echinococcus granulosus.
Hydated Serology is a screening procedure. Reactive or Non-Reactive results should be interpreted along with other clinical/radiological criteria for diagnosis. Liver cysts produce a higher antibody response than other sites. Cross reactivity may occur with cysticercosis ( Tenia solium) infection and this should be borne in mind as a differential diagnosis in Reactive cases. All reactive results should be subjected to Cysticercosis serology to rule out Tenia solium infection.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.